Six ships and one shore establishment of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Raleigh, named after Sir Walter Raleigh.
Sir Walter Raleigh was an English explorer, soldier and writer. At age 17, he fought with the French Huguenots and later studied at Oxford. He became a favorite of Queen Elizabeth after serving in her army in Ireland. He was knighted in 1585, and within two years became Captain of the Queen’s Guard. Between 1584 and 1589, he helped establish a colony near Roanoke Island (present-day North Carolina), which he named Virginia. Accused of treason by King James I, Sir Walter Raleigh was imprisoned and eventually put to death.
Ships Bearing the Name HMS Raleigh
- HMS Raleigh was a 32-gun fifth rate, previously the American USS Raleigh (1776). She was captured in 1778 by HMS Unicorn and HMS Experiment and was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Raleigh. She was sold in 1783.
- HMS Raleigh (1806) was an 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop launched in 1806. She was used as a target from 1839 and was sold in 1841.
- HMS Raleigh (1845) was a 50-gun fourth rate launched in 1845 and wrecked in 1857.
- HMS Raleigh was to have been a wood screw frigate. She was ordered in 1860, but was cancelled in 1863.
- HMS Raleigh (1873) was an iron screw frigate launched in 1874 and sold in 1905.
- HMS Raleigh (1919) was a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser launched in 1919 and wrecked in 1922.
History of HMS Raleigh (shore establishment)
HMS Raleigh is the current basic training establishment of the Royal Navy, in Torpoint, Cornwall.
HMS Raleigh was commissioned on 9 January 1940 as a training establishment for Ordinary Seamen following the Military Training Act which required that all males aged 20 and 21 years old be called up for six months full-time military training, and then transferred to the reserve.
During the Second World War, the United States Navy took over the base to use as an embarkation centre prior to the Invasion of Normandy. Raleigh was transferred back to the Royal Navy in July 1944 to continue training seamen.
1959 – HMS Raleigh became the new entry training establishment for all Ratings
1971 to 1978 – HMS Raleigh was completely is re-modernised
1981 – Womens Royal Navy Service basic training transfered from HMS Dauntless
1983 – The Royal Navy Supply School relocated from HMS Pembroke and basic training for Artificers transfered from HMS Fisgard
1991 – The Royal Navy School of Seamanship was opened at HMS Raleigh
1994 – The Royal Navy Cookery School relocated from Aldershot
2000 – The Royal Navy Submarine School transfered from Gosport
2001 – The Military Training School relocated from HMS Cambridge
Modern Day HMS Raleigh
HMS Raleigh is the largest Royal Navy training establishment in the South West. It’s made up of a 239-acre main site, a maritime training centre on the River Lynher, and satellite bases for leadership and team-working exercises on Dartmoor and the Rame peninsular.
On a typical day there are around 2,200 people on site.
In 2007, phase one training for all new Royal Navy recruits was increased to nine weeks and subsequently ten (from eight) of their career at the base, which also provides courses in military training, seamanship, logistics and submarine operations.
It also delivers training for crews preparing for operational deployments. HMS Raleigh is also the home of Defence Maritime Logistics School (DMLS) providing training for the Royal Navy’s Logistics Officers, chefs, stewards, pay clerks (referred to as writers), and supply chain ratings, the Seaman Specialist School, the Submarine School and HM Royal Marines Band Plymouth.
Initial Royal Navy Basic Training Kit
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